How to sharpen a plane blade… with my sharpening jig
My easy plane sharpening jig is a foolproof method of getting a super sharp edge on your plane iron. In this video, I will show you exactly that.
Can I sharpen my plane by Hand?
When sharpening by hand sometimes it’s very easy to round the planes primary grind. A rounded angle will not produce a very sharp cutting Edge.
Sharpening by hand is an art.
Yes, it is an art which is best learnt by doing. You’ve heard the term practice makes perfect and it’s so true with sharpening tools without the aid of machines or jigs. You should not expect to get that perfect edge straight away. if you do not succeed the first time around then try again.
So how sharp can I sharpen by hand?
In theory, you should be able to sharpen your tools just a sharp as any other method by hand. Sharpening skills are learnt over a period of time but a good technique is necessary. In this article, I will give you simple tips that will teach the skills required.
Narration is new to our Blogs
Listen to this blog via Sound Cloud or Youtube and then you can carry on with what you were doing without the need to read! Don’t forget there is a youtube video on this sharpening guide further down in this blog.
Is there so an easy way to sharpen my tool?
All too often I see people struggling to get a super sharp edge on their plane and wonder why they do not succeed. Just having an oil stone isn’t always enough especially for a novice woodworker. Sometimes a little Help is a blessing mixed with a little practice.
A sharpening guide will help
So why not use a simple sharpening guide? how many options available. You can purchase a sharpening guide. These guides come in many forms from a simple roller guide to complete sharpening systems.
Which honing guide should I choose?
If you decide to go for a simple sharpening guide I recommend the Veritas honing guide For the lea Nielsen honing guide. These tools are expensive but very accurate. If you cannot afford these an eclipse honing guide will work just fine. Otherwise, just make one as we describe in this article. it’s better anyway.
How to make a sharpening system?
My sharpening jig is made out of pieces of wood which will help hold the plane iron (blade) at the correct angle of 30°and 28°. The two angles are required to make the first grind and the secondary sharpen.
- The first step is to have a minimum of 2 sharpening stones. I prefer the Norton India sharpening stones, these are good quality and last a very long time.
- I Screw down the two stones to a board If mounted in a wooden box
- The oil Stones do not have to be in a box, You can just screw down pieces of wood around the oilstone on the baseboard.
- If using 1 Double-sided oil stone; course and fine. You can just Flip It Over for each process. Buy on Amazon.com
- be aware that the primary and secondary sharpen has a 2 degrees difference.
- An old kitchen cupboard door works well for the baseboard because of the melamine finish.
- waxing the baseboard will lubricate the surface
- Make sure the two stones are aligned with each other and a gap of 50 millimetres or 2 inches between them.
- I used wood and plywood to make the carriage.
- This carriage or Sledge should be glued and screwed
- make a carriage that can struggle the oil stones one at a time
- on the carriage, there needs to be a flat area for the plane iron to sit
- this flat area needs to be 30 degrees to the oil stone
- calibrate your oil stones by adjusting the height with shims (thin packers)
- the stone furthest to your right should be a coarse stone of 400 Grit approximately
- The fine 1000 grit Stone to the left Must be risen slightly, enough to change the angle of the plane blade to 28 degrees
- you can make a clamp for the plane iron but you can just hold the blade if you want
Sharpening system Q&A’s
Can I sharpen my chisels with this sharpening system?
This excellent sharpening system isn’t only for your plane irons. You can use this system to sharpen your chisels and any other flat blade that has a 30-degree primary angle or 28 degrees sharp Edge.
What tools can I sharpen with this sharpening system
- You can sharpen plane irons
- block plane blade
- rebate plane irons
- jack plane Blade
- smoothing plane blade
- bevel chisels
- firmer chisels
- paring chisel
- mortise chisel
- compass plane blade
- bullnose plane iron
- Jointer plane
- Any blade with a 30 degree Primary grind and a 28 degree sharpened Edge
Watch my video on sharpening a plane blade with a jig
The plane in this video is a Stanley Bailey number 7. It is fitted with a Victor hand forged plane iron and custom handles. The sharpening method will work with any plane iron.
How do I use this sharpening system?
The concept of this sharpening system or honing guide is very simple. Unlike other honing guides which require more practical skill, this system guides you automatically. Because the plane irons are fixed in a carriage or Sledge at the correct angle the likelihood of use train from that angle is zero to none. Using this system does require some skill but very little. The main thing to remember is that the Oil stone will be only 50 mm wide or 2 in imperial. Some Brides will be wider than this. because of this, you will need to move the carriage during the shopping process from left to right right to left. Me to you to me!!!
The honing guide sharpening step-by-step
- First, clean your oil stone from dirt and old oil
- insert your plane iron into the carriage and clamp the blade down.
- start with the course oilstone of 400 Grit approximately
- or choose the correct oilstone grit for your requirements
- Adjust the plane iron so it sits on the oil stone at 30 degrees.
- if you have made your carriage correctly you will find that the blade will just be protruding and of the correct angle. if you push the blade too far through you will create a weak Edge.
- Apply some sharpening oil to the oil stone. this will lubricate and keep the stone clean.
- while applying some downward pressure move the carriage forwards and backwards.
- control the carriage left to right or right to left as two sharpened the full width of the blade.
- You should notice after a few passes that the oil changes colour.
- Carry on the sharpening process and apply more oil as required
- the oil will soak into the Norton India stone, Buy on Amazon.com
- Lift the carriage of the oil stone and check your Edge.
- carry on sharpening with a 1000 Grit sharpening stone until you are confident you have a Sharp Edge
- remove the iron from the carriage
- you no need to remove the burr
- the burr is the folded over metal from the sharpening process
- Place the back of the plane iron onto the fine oil stone
- pull the blade away from the stone removing the burr
- No use a strop to finish the edge similar to Sweeney Todd!
- I don’t recommend it but in the video, you see that I use my hand.
- if you choose this method it is at your own risk.
- reinsert the plane blade into your plane and jobs a good-un.
Will this sharpening system work with DMT diamond sharpeners?
There’s no reason why you couldn’t use this concept for a system for use with diamond sharpeners. Ideally, the diamond sharpener should be a full-size such as a Norton India oilstone but you could adapt the design to suit any size. Remember that diamond sharpeners use water instead of oil.
I will be writing an article on Diamond Sharpeners.
Confessions of a woodworker
This system is based on a system designed by the late Bruce Tomlinson a chair designer. I cannot accept all the credit for this design but l have adapted it to suit my needs.
Please note but using this method will result in a very sharp blade. We are not responsible if you cut yourself as a result of using our method.
My conclusion on sharpening a plane blade
Reading through this is so it’s very clickbaity but seriously this is a really good system and works very well for me in my workshop.
Thank you for watching my video and we really appreciate it if you could Like Comment and Subscribe.
www.wallybois.com for more videos and blogs on Woodworking
Buy suitable oil stones or diamond sharpeners on Amazon.com
Why Do I Write these?
We write these articles for fun and hope you find them of interest. This topic on sharpening tools is forever expanding so I will be updating this topic on a regular basis so please return to keep a check on things.
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About Us, I Suppose You Might Be Interested?
We have lived and worked here in the Limousin Nouvelle Aquitaine since 2010, building window shutters and external doors. Our Volet manufacturing business is based at our home property as a ‘Cottage Industry’. We are a small business operating partly off the grid and try our best to practice our woodworking ethically.
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