Woodworking A to Z Glossary of Terms for 2020

Arris

The arris is the edge of a square.

Abrasive

Any material that has a rough surface that removes material. Example: Sandpaper.

emery-paper scid 120 sandpaer cloth

Apron

Not the kind you wear but the piece of wood under a table between the table legs.

Auger

Archimedes type drilling device 

Baluster

The baluster supports the handrail of a staircase.

Balustrade

A barrier which protects the user from falling from the 2nd floor.

Bandsaw

A band saw is used for cutting timber.  A circular metal band with teeth cut into it and supported by two or three wheels makes a great saw. Narrow the band saw blade sharper the turn you can make.

Banister

A barrier which protects the user from falling from a staircase 

Bar Clamp 

A type of sash clamp heads mounted on a steel pipe. Learn more about clamps.

Batten

A narrow strip of wood.

Beaded wood

A small round moulding in wood used for trimming furniture. Traditionally beads would be cut using wooden moulding planes 

Beam

The part of the marking gauge that the guided slides up and down

Bench Plane

Any hand plane is considered a bench plane. We have wrote much about hand planes or the otherwise known Bench plane which contain easy to absorb information.

Stanley Bailey no4 smoothing plane

Bevel

If it is not a right angle it is a Bevel. The tool called an adjustable bevel is used to set any angle. 

woodworker carpenters bevel

woodworker carpenters bevels

Biscuit

The biscuit connecting component is used with a biscuit joiner. The biscuit joiner is a fast way to join wooden boards or planks together. A better option than the humble biscuit joiner is the fantastic Festool Domino Doweller.

No10 biscuit for biscuit joiner

No10 biscuit for biscuit joiner

Bookmatched

When we match timber colour and grain pattern. Bookmatching is used when veneering cabinet doors or drawers.

Bole

The Bole is another term used to describe a tree trunk.

Broad-leaved trees

Deciduous trees have broad leaves. Broad leaved trees are a form of a hardwood. The Oak tree is a great example.

Burl

A rustic growth from a tree. The burl has a highly figured grain and is used for woodturning or special veneers. 

Blind Joint

A blind joint is a joint that does not protrude straight through the wood such as a ‘Blind Mortise or Blind Dovetail. A blind dovetail is often used in drawer construction.

Blockboard

Another variation of Laminboard

Carpal tunnel syndrome 

This condition is caused by the median nerve being restricted by the tendons swelling and causing pressure on the nerve. Carpal tunnel syndrome is common with woodworkers because of the repetitive strain put on our hands. I myself suffer with this condition and I have written about my experience with this condition.

Casing

Is the timber surrounding a door or window, often in the reveal area

Cascamite

Cascamite powdered resin wood glue is mixed with water and provides a very strong waterproof adhesive for wood.  cascamite powdered resin wood glue can also be used as a wood filler if a little sanding dust is added. You can learn more about this versatile urea formaldehyde resin including how to mix cascamite.

cascamite powered resin wood glue, colle à bois à base de résine alimentée par cascamite

cascamite powdered wood glue

Cellular wood panel

This is a lightweight version of blockboard

Chamfered

Is an angular moulding along the length of timber

Chemical fix

This bonding agent is used for 4 bonding bolts or other objects into a wall all floor. It consists of a polyester resin and hardener with an aggregate in it within a tube.  The tube is like a typical mastic tube and has a special nozzle which can mix the hardener and the polyester resin together. Bolts that are fixed into a wall using this chemical fix can set within a half an hour making for a very strong and permanent fixing. Here you will learn the practical use of Chemical fix.

Chemical fis in france

Chisel

A chisel is a hand tool made of metal and a handle. The end of the chisel Corby ground and sharpened to 30 degrees. This tool can be used for for making joints in wood such as a mortise and tenon joint.

Compass plane

The compass playing is a hand tool designed to plane either convex or concave surfaces. it does this by having a sole plate that is flexible and the radius can be changed by turning a knurled knob to suit the workpiece.My  Youtube video about the compass plane

record compass plane with flexible sole

Composite Wood

“Structural timber composites” has become a popular solution to some difficult problems. Composite wood is often in the form of:

  • glued laminated timber or glulam
  • laminated veneer lumber (LVL)
  • parallel strand lumber (PSL)
  • laminated strand lumber (LSL)

Conversion

When a tree is felled, the trunk is converted into sections, this is called Conversion.

Counterbore

The counterbore is a flat bottomed drilled recess to house the head of a bolt.

Countersink

Counter sink screws (CSK) require a countersink bit to create the cone shaped clearance for the head of a screw.

Cup

Cup or cupping is the effect of converted timber drying unevenly or it can be down to where it has been milled from the tree.

Dado

The dado usually finishes the top of a panel. If you see a moulded piece of wood fixed to a wall it is not a Dado unless it finishes the wall panel. Not to be mistaken with a chair rail.

Densification

A farley unknown system to many but the densification process requires chemical or a physical system. Layers that need to be hardened or an increase in mechanical strength go through the Densification process. 

Density

Timber of different types have different densities. Density refers to the mass of a piece of wood. For an example a cube of Oak will have a higher density than a cube of Pine. 

Distortion

Timber can distort during season. 

Dovetail

A joint in the shape of a dove’s tail. A popular traditional hand cut joint often used in the construction of drawers.

Domino 

In woodworking the domino is  the connector in a jointing system.  the Festool domino dowel jointing system is an innovation. The Festool jointing system is very fast and easy to repeat.

Festool domino dowel joiner

Festool domino dowel joiner

Doweling

Dowelling is a method of joining timber. There are other joining systems using wooden joiners such as the ‘Biscuit Joiner’ and the ‘Festool Domino doweller’.

woodworking 10mm dowel and drill bit

10mm joining dowel and drill bit

Draw Knife

A great tool for the process of stripping bark or organically working wood. The tool has a blade supported by two handles. 

draw knife for stripping bark or woodbodging

draw knife

Drip groove

The drip groove is used to prevent water ingress by interrupting the flow. It can be a groove or channel cut into the bottom of a window or door sill.

Earlywood

Just like the name suggests Earlywood is the wood produced at an early stage of growth

Eaves

Roofs with an overhang will have Eaves. The Eaves are the underside of the overhang. On the average house the Eaves can be cladded to form a soffit but can be exposed to show the rafters.

End grain

Wood has grain  and if you cut through the wood you will expose the ‘End Grain’

pine end grain

pine end grain

End-jointed

Many wooden products from handrails to panel products are end jointed. End jointing is often made using the finger jointing method. This method gives you more glue surfaces so very strong.

Engineered wood

The term engineered wood has nothing to do with mechanical engineering. Engineered wood is formed but compressing layers of timber sometimes with glue. Engineered wood is used in many wooden products including doors.

Extruded particle board

Particle board produced using extrusion. Unlike compressed particle board extruded particle board is lighter because it can have holes running through it.

Face edge

When we plane the leading or exposed edge is known as the face edge.

Face side

This is the face which woodworkers take their measurements

Fascia board

The facia board is a trimming to the end of the rafters usually made with wood or these days it is often made using PVCU. The house gutters are fixed to the Fascia. 

Ferrule

The metal ring that prevents the handle from splitting from the chisel tang.

Fibreboard

Was once a very popular material but today ‘medium density fibreboard’ is more popular. When organic material is compressed a natural chemical called Lignin bonds the fibres together.

Finger-jointed

Finger jointed board as the name suggests is the jointing method which looks like fingers that are interlocking. 

Furring battens

Furring battens are used to provide a method of fixing boards or panels. Furring pieces are used to flatten uneven surfaces.

Glulam

Structural timbers used in many grand designs by material restrictions dictate the utilisation of laminated beams otherwise known as Glulam. Glulam beams can span larger distances than standard structural timber. 

Galoot

A woodworker who works wood with hand tools like a neanderthal

Gouge

A tool with a half tubular blade with the cutting edge on the inside or outside. Used for carving or wood turning although a woodturning gouge and a carving gouge are different tools

Going

When designing a staircase you will need to know the Going. The going is the distance travelled, in other words if your staircase was a right angle triangle the going would be the length of the bottom.

stair rise and going festool

stair rise and going festool

Grain

The grain of wood is admired by many for its natural beauty. Wood grain is unique even if the wood species is the same. The grain can be influenced by the way it is seasoned or milled changing the characteristics.

Groove

A slot or channel

Hardboard

Hardboard is very similar to medium density fibreboard.  although in my opinion hardboard is not quite so dense as MDF.  It is often used in the back of cabinets especially the kind you find in flat pack form.

Hardwood

Hardwood timber is recognised as a very versatile material. Practically is strong and hard-wearing but artistically it adds beauty through its character full-grain. Hardwood timber is processed from deciduous broadleaf trees such as Oak walnut but many other species too.

Head

On the top any good frame should be a head! 

Haunched Tenon

Same as a standard tenon but with an extra shoulder.

Head plate

When you doing stud partitions the very top horizontal piece of timber is called the head plate

Heartwood

Every tree you cut through will show the bark all the way down into the pith but in between you have the sapwood and the main area of timber which is called the  heart wood. 

Heat treat

Tool steel goes through a process of heat treatment.

Hold down

A tool to hold down a piece of wood or your project to the bench.

record hold down for woodworking

record hold down for woodworking

Hone

To hone a tool is the same as to sharpen a tool. I have written a tutorial on how to hone your tools which you can read here.

sharpening system with Norton India oil stones

Impregnation or injection

This is the process of preserving timber through injection of a preservative. 

Ironwood

Ironwood is a very hard and dense hardwood. Wood species such as green heart or purple heart are an ironwood. Because ironwoods are very resilient to rot and have high density these Woods are often used in lock sills.

Jamb

The Jam is  where a door shut into a  door frame. A full education how to hand a door is available here

 door

How to hang a door components

Door Components

Jamb

The Jam is  where a door shut into a  door frame.

Kerf

A saw blade has a Kerf  which is the thickness of the blade.  If you saw blade has a curve of 3 mm then there will be 3 mm of wood removed with every cut. When measuring and transferring to the table saw you must allow for the Kerf of your saw 

Kiln Dried

Green wood is rapidly dried in a kiln

Kick Back

When using a machine it is possible for that machine to shoot your work piece back towards you and this is called kick back.

Knot

We all know what knotty pine is is and that every not represent the position of a branch. This not is also an area which resin from the tree can weep like an old wound. You can prevent the resin weeping or sap by using a knotting solution such as shellac.

knot in Oak wood

knot in Oak wood

Laminated wood

Laminated wood is timber which has been manufactured by gluing many laminates together. In the boat-building industry laminated wood is quite common for the purpose of creating curves. For instance my father would build tiller with laminates to create a beautiful curved tiller arm.

Laminboard

Cross-laminated strips of wood creates a thick board known as lamin board.

Ligneous

Of wood or resembling wood, woody. Examples of ligneous materials other than wood are bagasse, bamboo, cereal straw, and flax or hemp shives.

Lignin

The natural component within would that holds its  cellulose structure together is lignum. Lignum not only provides the binder but also provides the opacity. It is possible to make wood transparent if you remove the lignum.

Lignum Vitae

An ironwood often used in the manufacturer of woodworking mallets.

Marquetry

That is often found in French and English furniture behold the beauty of marquetry.  Marquetry is the inlay of veneers creating a pattern or picture of different varieties of wood or metal.  Even ivory although illegal today was used in marquetry.

Microporous

Some paints are designed to be microporous. The concept of a microporous paint allows moisture from the wood itself to leave via the paint fruit tiny pours yet preventing external moisture entering the wood through the paint.

Mitre

A miter is a joint in wood that is utilised commonly for making a frame.  When making a frame with Mitre joints you would have four pieces of wood each with a 45-degree angle which when joined together they make four 90-degree angles.

Mortise

A mortise is often described as one half of a mortise and tenon joint but a mortise is also used for other things.  For instance you can have a mortice lock. The mortise being the whole which the lock sits in. A Mortise requires the use of a woodworking mortise chisel but there are also machines that can produce a mortise.

Moulded wood

Decorative wood trimming known as Mouldings are often made by the woodwork using wooden moulding planes. Today that are many propriety patterns which you can can use instead of making your own Mouldings.

Movement

Wood is a natural material and as such it is not unusual for it to to relieve itself from moisture but equally absorb moisture.  This absorption and evaporation is the natural breathing of the seasoned timber. This process either increases or decreases the volume of the timber across its width.

Mullion

You will find a mullion dividing a window.

Muntin

The Munson Can be found centrally within a panel door door or window

Newel

The Newel post is the chunky wooden post you will see at the top and the bottom of a staircase supporting the handrail. 

Nogging

When doing studying for an internal wall be short horizontal studs that are between the vertical studs stiffen the structure and are called noggings.

Nosing

A nosing is the front edge of any step or stair tread.

No nails

‘No nails’ is the proprietary brand of a grab adhesive comes in a mastic type tube. A useful product but should not be treated as the end all.

no nails adhesive, no nails grab adhesive

No nails mastic adhesives colle, should it be trusted?

Jamb

The Jam is  where a door shut into a  door frame.

Kerf

A saw blade has a Kerf  which is the thickness of the blade.  if you saw blade has a curve of 3 mm then there will be 3 mm of wood removed with every cut.  when measuring and transferring to the table saw you must allow for the Kerf of your saw 

saw kerf with table saw

saw kerf with table saw

Kiln Dried

Green wood is rapidly dried in a kiln.

wood kiln dried

Kick Back

When using a machine it is possible for that machine to shoot your work piece back towards you and this is called kick back.

Knot

We all know what knotty pine is is and that every not represent the position of a branch. This not is also an area which resin from the tree can weep like an old wound. You can prevent the resin weeping or sap by using a knotting solution such as shellac.

knot in Oak wood

knot in Oak wood

Laminated wood

Laminated wood is timber which has been manufactured by gluing many laminates together. In the boat-building industry laminated wood is quite common for the purpose of creating curves. For instance my father would build tiller with laminates to create a beautiful curved tiller arm.

Laminboard

Cross-laminated strips of wood creates a thick board known as lamin board.

Ligneous

Of wood or resembling wood, woody. Examples of ligneous materials other than wood are bagasse, bamboo, cereal straw, and flax or hemp shives.

Lignin

The natural component within would that holds its  cellulose structure together is lignum. Lignum not only provides the binder but also provides the opacity. It is possible to make wood transparent if you remove the lignum.

Marquetry

That is often found in French and English furniture behold the beauty of marquetry.  marquetry is the inlay of veneers creating a pattern or picture of different varieties of wood or metal.  Even ivory although illegal today was used in marquetry.

Microporous

Some paints are designed to be microporous.  the concept of a microporous paint allows moisture from the wood itself to leave via the paint fruit tiny pours yet preventing external moisture entering the wood through the paint.

Mitre

A miter is a joint in wood that is utilised commonly for making a frame.  When making a frame with Mitre joints you would have four pieces of wood each with a 45-degree angle which when joined together they make four 90-degree angles.

Mortise

A mortise is often described as one half of a mortise and tenon joint but a mortise is also used for other things.  For instance you can have a mortice lock. The mortise being the whole which the lock sits in. A Mortise requires the use of a woodworking mortise chisel but there are also machines that can produce a mortise.

Moulded wood

Decorative wood trimming known as Mouldings are often made by the woodwork using wooden moulding planes.  today that are many propriety patterns which you can can use instead of making your own Mouldings.

Movement

 wood is a natural material and as such it is not unusual for it to to relieve itself from moisture but equally absorb moisture.  this absorption and evaporation is the natural breathing of the seasoned timber. this process either increases or decreases the volume of the timber across its width.

Mullion

You will find a mullion dividing a window

Muntin

The Munson Can be found centrally within a panel door door or window

Newel

The Newel post is the chunky wooden post you will see at the top and the bottom of a staircase supporting the handrail. 

Nogging

When doing studying for an internal wall be short horizontal studs that are between the vertical studs stiffen the structure and are called noggings.

Nosing

A nosing is the front edge of any step or stair tread.

No nails

‘No nails’ is the proprietary brand of a grab adhesive comes in a mastic type tube. 

no nails adhesive, no nails grab adhesive

No nails mastic adhesives colle, should it be trusted?

Oriented strand board (OSB)

OSB has been used for decades for flat roofing. OSB is made from flaked logs which are orientated and bonded using heat triggered glues.

Parallel strand lumber

A parallel strand board. Made by parallel orientated strands bonded together.

Particle board

Probably the world’s most overused wooden product. Almost every kitchen or bedroom suite is made with a particle board AKA Chipboard. 

particle board chip board

particle board (chip board)

Permeability

This is the rate which timber or other materials absorb moisture

Planed

Smoothed timber using a hand plane or by machine. Our Bench plane tutorial can be found here.

stanley plane close up

Planking

A plank of wood is a simple square edged board that can be used for siding or flooring

Plywood

Plywood is made by first removing the bark from the log. The Barclays log is supported along it’s length and rotated on special rollers. What are the log is being rotated a long very sharp blade peels over there off the log. The veneers are bonded together in an orientated fashion. plywood comes in many forms from the very cheap shuttering plywood used in concrete construction or roofing. To the higher grade plywoods such as the birch 9 ply. The quality of the veneers and the the the amount of them dictates the quality of the plywood. Plywood is a very versatile product used in modern construction. Plywood is very stable but can still rot. The resistance to moisture is very dependent on the glues that have been used in the plywood. Exterior grade plywood or even better marine grade plywood uses much better water-resistant glues. Today higher grade plywoods such as birch ply are used in furniture construction. These plywoods when finished with the the edges exposed can look very modern.

close up of plywood edge

plywood edge showing plys

Pointside

The point side and head side of a piece of timber refers to to the mechanical fixing of a screw or nail. The point side is the piece of wood that receives the nail or screw. the head side is the piece of timber which the nail or screw passes through before it enters the point side. 

Preservative treatment

The treatment of timber with chemicals to improve its resistance to attack by biological organisms, such as fungi, insects and marine borers. Woodwork treatments can be applied via a brush or spray but also so via a pressure treatment system. 

Tanalised

Like preservative treatment pressure-treated wood is often done in a special  high pressure vessel. Tanalised treated timber is done in this way. Tanalised timber used to contain arsenic but it was removed due to toxic levels. Obviously it is good for our health to have the arsenic removed but modern tanalised timber is not as an effective treatment as the older methods of tanalisation. 

Purlin

A purlin is is a roof component. The purlin runs from one end of the roof to the other supporting either roofing sheets or rafters.

Rafter

Rafters slipped down from the ridge of a roof to the wall plate.  Rafters support the batons and Are supported intermediately by the purlins.

Ray

A tree has rays travelling across the grain which transport nutrients.

Rebated

The rebate can be a part of a joint or a recess for a window or door to close into. 

Reveal

The reveal is the inside of a wall all around a window or door.

Riser

A riser is the back vertical part of a step or a staircase. Sometimes people refer to this vertical part of a staircase as the ‘backs’

Rotary cut

The rotary cut method is used for slicing veneers off a log. These veneers can either be thin for use in  marquetry or lamination. But also the thicker slices can be used used in plywood construction.

Rounded wood

Rounded wood or sometimes called  a dowel is a piece of timber that is  circular in section

Sanded

A sanded surface should be smooth or it could be slightly textured depending on the sandpaper you are using. Finer the sandpaper smoother finish.

Sap

The Sap travels through the sapwood to supply the Tree of its nutrients. A tree that has been seasoned can still bleed the SAP in warm weather. The most common place for the sap to weep is in areas of high resin such as a knot.

Sapwood

The Sapwood is just under the Cambian layer which is below the bark. The sapwood is the growing part of a tree and as such contains living cells. Insects are more likely to burrow into the sapwood Laying their larvae.

Sash

A sash window for me is a  vertically sliding window. These are very common in the United States but also in the United Kingdom. The sashes would travel up and down to open and close the sash window.

Shake

And shake is called by a bacteria of the clostridium genus and it does smell.  It was once thought that a shape was caused through some kind of stress put on the timber but that is later to be found incorrect. The bacteria insects the tree through the root system and not for a cut stem.

Sharpening

Woodworkers have tools that have a sharp Edge. The sharp Edge from time to time I’m will need to be sharpened.  sharpening is the process used to put a sharp Edge onto a tool. 

Draper roller guide

Shingle

A shingle in woodworking terms is a form of wooden roof tile.  A wooden shingle would be split from a log so they would be thinner at one end than the other. These days cedar shingles will be cut on a machine.

Short grain

Short grain can occur naturally in a piece of timber but also is influenced by the way it has been milled.  Some timbers have a naturally short grain such as beech.

Shutters

Shutters are used on windows and doors for added security and thermal value .In France shutters are called Volets. Check out our website to order shutters

colourful shutters of france

colourful shutters of france

Sill

Window Sill is the lowest part of a window frame. The Door  Sill Is the lowest part of a door frame. a door sill or a window sill  is used to deflect the water that may hit a window or door away from the window  or door. The outside bottom edge of a window sill or a door sill should have a water drip groove. A window or door sell can be made from wood or stone or even constructed from concrete.  There are many other modern materials used for making a window or door sill. 

The sill is also the lowest timber stud which is also sometimes called a floor plate.

Skirting or skirting board

A skirting board or as it may be called a washboard is used to to finish the bottom of a wall where it meets the floor.. How to scribe skirting boards

how to scribe your skirting boards, how to cut skirting boards

scribe your internal skirting boards

Soffit

The soffit is the part between the roof line and the wall.  Not all buildings have a soffit. A soffit is constructed like a box which can  include the fascia board. The bottom of the soffit should rest parsley on top of the wall.

Softwood

Softwood is the common name used for all all delicious timber species such as Pine, Fir Spruce and Larch. House building in the UK and Abroad is is very dependent upon the importation of softwoods. Thankfully while we are still members of the European Union, the United Kingdom has favorable terms for the importation and allocation of softwoods. Sadly in 2019 after the 2016 brexit referendum vote this preferential treatment will end.

Spandrel

I myself builds staircases and when I why make the outside string the lowest part of the staircase string where it meets the newel post has a small triangular infill. This infernal is called the spandrel. 

Species

The species of a piece of timber is the breed of the timber. An oak tree is a different species to a chestnut tree. When we look at the names for a tree or wood sometimes we are presented with a long foreign name. The name of a species can be in the form of a common name or a Latin name. Sometimes  the use of the Latin name is criticised but we have to remember that Latin is a universal worldwide language in botany. 

Spirit level

A spirit level is used to find the the level or Plumb of an object. It works by the theory that water always finds its own level.  The spirit level has a glass Vial which contains a fluid with a bubble. The bubble can move from side to side depending on the horizontal level.  Follow this link and you will learn how to test your spirit level for level.

spirit-plumbe level-accuracy-test-03

Spindle moulder

A spindle moulder is a machine which carries a cutter block. The cutter block which can be either a 30mm or a 50mm bore holds special cutters and followers. These cutters can either be straight or shaped to produce mouldings or window and door sections. 

Staff bead

Sash windows are made of many different components. The staff bead is the dividing bead and the innermost. Is the sash window has two sashes which can slide up or down on the sash weights the bead in between those two sashes is the staff bead. 

Stave

All traditional wooden barrels I made with tapered Narrows pieces of wood. These narrow pieces of wood would have slight angles that facilitate  a curve. The stave is also used in the construction of wooden tanks, vats, tubs and old wooden pipelines.

Stile

The style is the vertical component of any door or window frame 

Stopper

This is the common name used for a wood filler that should match your timber colour. I make my own wood filler or stopper these days using cascamite powdered resin wood glue and the matching sanding dust from the wood itself.  A proprietary brand of stopper that I have used on many occasions especially on mahogany is Brummer. Brummer is a very easy to use wood stopper that comes in a variety of colours that seem to match very well.

Strength grade

Constructional timber is strength graded.  this grading is a little inconclusive because it is a generic term given to a type of timber. Specific strength grading is given to to more critical applications such as beams spanning long distances. Strength grading is  especially useful to structural engineers when they calculate the loading and the span.

String

The boards on either side of a staircase which runs from one floor level to another is called the string. The string normally houses the treads for which you are walking up to to access the next floor.

Stud partition

A stud partition is a wall all built using studding timbers or metal studs dividing two spaces.  

Stud

Every stud wall as studs.  The stud is a vertical piece of timber or metal within a plasterboard wall.

Square 

The woodworkers Square is set to 90 degrees and we use it too to check our our projects for Square all Mark a broad ready for cutting.  You can find out how to check your square for square.

square-framing-and-pencil-01

Tenon

A tenon is the the male component of a mortise and tenon joint;

Tongued and grooved

Tongue and groove machining is often used in the manufacture of floorboards.  The tongue of one board fits snugly into the groove of another. This holds the floorboards together in alignment.

Transom

A window  has a horizontal dividing component  and it is called a Transom.

Tread

Every staircase requires you to be able to step onto a tread.

Trunk

The large chunky part of a tree is called the trunk.  All the branches grow from the trunk.

V- jointed

Similar to a tongue and groove floorboard though the v jointing makes alignment easier.

Veneer

Rotary-cutting, peeling or slicing Is used to produce veneers.  These thin sheets of timber are used in the production of laminated boards such as plywood but also used in furniture making for marquetry.

Volets

Volets are the same as shutters and I used to secure windows and doors and provide some thermal insulation.

Vert Volets battant

Wall plate

The wall plate is a horizontal timber that the Rafters or joists sit on top of a wall.

Wane

Every tree has an undulating surface around the trunk this is known as the wane. 

Waney edge

When we cut through a log to create planks the wavy edge is known as waney edge. It doesn’t matter if the waney Edge has bark or not it is still called the same.

slab sawn timber

Warp

Humidity or just bought bad storage can cause a board to warp or Twist.

Wet processing

Processed boards such as hardboard are produced by suspending wood fibres within water.  The fibre solution is then laid out onto a special drying mat. Generally no bonding agent or glue is used in the production of hardboard but the natural resins coming out of the fibres Bond the wood together.

Wood block

Wood block flooring is a common flooring material use in the early 20th century.  Wood block flooring is still used today but sometimes it is pre-manufactured into panels.  Windsor block flooring is very similar to wood block flooring and also can be in a herringbone or basket weave pattern. 

Wood planks

Wood planks or planks of wood are usually wooden boards of 4-in or wider that is 100mm in metric. 

air dried lumber

We have compiled a complete postcodes in France

By Marcus Kett, Woodworking since 1989 

head wood malcolm kett memorial

Malcolm the Boat ‘RIP’

 Woodworking for me is in my blood as a son of a traditional boatbuilder. My Father Malcolm Kett was highly skilled and inventive individual often referred to as ‘Malcolm The Boat’. 

selfie with mortar board

Marcus Kett and my Mortar!

Although I have spent a considerable portion of my life seeking further education and gaining qualifications in woodworking, electrical installations, bricklaying and to top it a degree in photography.

Yes, it is a medley of possible career choices but the one that I felt truly at home with was Woodworking. Woodworking has been my staple career choice that has given my family stability.

Why do I write these guides?

selfie workshop bio

Well that’s Me

We started to write these guides to help our customers. The idea was to provide the information needed to install our made to measure wooden products that we sell on this website and directly to our local customers.

We soon received feedback from people abroad and interested readers not local to us. I like to help people and I am excited that fellow woodworkers or keen DIYers found guidance in my articles. I intend to carry on writing and producing youtube videos for the purpose of providing useful content. Please share our blog with your friends and anyone that could find interest in the magic of working with wood. 

Disclosure

I am happy to inform you that we have included some links to related products. If you decide to purchase any product we receive a modest commission from Amazon.  This is not considered as our main income but any commission earned is used to provide more tutorials. I thank you for your support.

“As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.”

The content in this article is provided for free but we retain all copyright. We do encourage you to borrow this content but only if you cite us as the original content with a link to our site. 

About Wallybois

wallybois mascot christmas

Wally is the middle one

We have lived and worked here in the Limousin Nouvelle Aquitaine since 2010, building window shutters and external doors. Our Volet manufacturing business is based at our home property as a ‘Cottage Industry’. We are a small business operating partly (60%) off the grid and try our best to practice our woodworking ethically.

How did we come up with the trading name ‘Wallybois’? Well, it is simple really, my best buddy ‘Wally’ and the fact that ‘Bois’ is French for wood and we live in France.

Please Comment

If you have any corrections or topics you think that we should add please leave a comment.  If you think we deserve it a Share would be nice.

Thank You for visiting

By Marcus Kett, Woodworking since 1989

Based in the Nouvelle Aquitaine of France

Tel: +33 7 81 45 32 82