Woodworking chisel types
There is a multitude of chisels that are used for Woodworking. I know that most woodworkers only use modest selection of carpenters chisels but there are so many more to enjoy. Woodworking chisels we use today are a far cry from the modest tools used by ancient man such as chisels made from a cows cannon bone.
Whether you’re working on-site or in the workshop there are a sensible array of Woodworking chisels that are a must. In this article, I will try to explain all the types of woodworking chisels. Most are available today and hopefully, I can cover some of the older chisel patterns.
List of woodworking chisel categories
- bench chisels
- paring chisels
- carving chisels
- woodturning chisels
Woodworking categories of chisels can be separated into chisel types. Please do crossover somewhat but below is a list of chisel types. each chisel type has its own task it has to perform.
List of woodworking chisel types
- firmer chisel
- bevel-edged chisel
- mortise chisel
- draw lock chisel
- paring chisel
- corner chisel
- Trend Corner Chisel
- Butt Chisel
- skew chisel
The firmer chisel
The firmer chisel is the staple mate of any woodworker. Can be classed as a bench chisel for general purpose work. For instance: chopping, pairing or levering.
The firmer woodworking chisel is a heavy-duty chisel with it’s thicker rectangle cross profile. The firmer chisel pattern has evolved over centuries into all other chisel patterns.
Bevel edged chisel
These bevel edged chisels are like a firmer chisel but with bevelled edges, so they can get close to the side of a joint. Bevel Edged chisels evolved from firmer chisels.
The mortise chisel
When chopping out a mortise you sometimes have to give your chisel a bit of welly! Your Bashing you’re pulling and you’re leaving. This puts immense strain on your chisel and Such your chisel has to be built to withstand the abuse.
The mortise chisel has a thick blade with sides of a slight taper. The handle of the mortise chisel is often mounted onto a thick tang or even into a socket to handle.
The drawer lock chisel
Old antique furniture such as a Bureau would have drawers furnished with a key-operated lock. The drawer lock can be classed as a mortice lock. The mortice for the drawer lock is very narrow requiring a narrow chisel. Because the chisel is so narrow it can easily bend so it is important that the Chisel has a deep taper. The drawer lock chisel is a type of mortise chisel.
The Paring Chisel
Technically the paring chisel is a group of chisels. what defines the paring chisel is a chisel that can be pushed using your body without the aid of a mallet. If you want to prevent developing carpal tunnel syndrome pay Close attention to the paring chisel handle. the handle of a paring chisel must not have any metal components that fall into the palm of the hand anything used to reinforce the handle. preparing chisel should have a long flexible blade with shallow bevels. I have a selection of paring chisels but my favourite is an old vintage ‘Ward’ chisel which has a lovely thin blade with very shallow bevels. This chisel pares timber beautifully and ideal for making small adjustments to a joint.
For my liking many modern paring chisels are a little rigid this includes my Robert Sorby.
The Corner Chisel
Another chisel that is great if you have the repetitive task of squaring the corner of a mortice. I do own one but frankly, I prefer to use my vintage bevel-edged chisel.
Trend Corner Chisel
A handy tool for the squaring of router cut hinge mortises. When you cut a hinge mortice with a router you will be left with round corners a radius combination of jig, guide and cutter.
Butt chisels are a great addition to any tool kit. These but chisels are great for joint work. Sometimes with large palm handles allowing you to trim joints with ease.
Skew chisels are used to pare away wood from dovetail joints. Because the skew chisel has a slicing cutting action it makes light work of paring end grain.
Types of woodworking chisel handle
- wooden handle
- plastic handle
Wooden chisel handles
Chisel handles made of wood are not only the traditionalists choice but woodies prefer the feel of timber over plastic. There are a few prefered wood for the construction of a chisel handle.
The wood used for making wooden chisel handles
- Boxwood (Buxus)
- Ash (Fraxinus Americana)
- Beech (Fagus)
- Hornbeam (Carpinus)
- Hard Maple (Acer)
Plastic Chisel Handles
Chisel handles made of plastic is often considered the budget option but plastic handles and great on the construction site. Hi-impact plastics can be struck with a hammer making the need to carry a mallet in the toolkit unnecessary. I have a selection of hi-impact plastic handles on some of my chisels and yet I still have not managed to shatter one. Maybe ‘Shatterproof is a thing?’. If I had to take a plastic preference I do love the old Stanley translucent cellulose acetate.
Method of mounting handle to chisel
- socket mount
- tang mount
Chisel handle patterns
Ultimately the chisel handle needs to fit the hand. The shape of the chisel handle is also influenced by the job the chisel is intended by. When your chisel is used for chopping then the design of the chisel handle has to capable of being struck by a mallet. If you intend to work purely by hand as you may do with a paring chisel then a palm-shaped handle would be best. If woodturning is your thing long chisel handles give you the leverage needed to safely hold your chisel.
Types of Steel Used for making woodworking chisels
01 carbon steel is a great hi-carbon steel that does not cost a fortune. Yes, there are good and bad 01 tool steels but on the whole most 01 steel is fine.
Like my ancient Ward “cast steel” chisels or “crucible steel” was the brainchild of Benjamin Huntsman of England, era 1740s.
So what chisels should you choose?
Which chisels you should choose depends on what you intend to do with them. If you are new to woodworking you should probably consider a set of 5. Which set or type will be influenced by your budget. You could delve deep in your pockets and invest in a set of Japanese chisels but I don’t recommend that unless you want to explore Waterstone sharpening. A practical choice would be a high carbon bevel edge set. You can explore the selection we have put together for you in our new article.
By Marcus Kett, Woodworking since 1989
Woodworking for me is in my blood as a son of a traditional boatbuilder. My Father Malcolm Kett was highly skilled and inventive individual often referred to as ‘Malcolm The Boat’.
Although I have spent a considerable portion of my life seeking further education and gaining qualifications in woodworking, electrical installations, bricklaying and to top it a degree in photography.
Yes, it is a medley of possible career choices but the one that I felt truly at home with was Woodworking. Woodworking has been my staple career choice that has given my family stability.
Why do I write these guides?
We started to write these guides to help our customers. The idea was to provide the information needed to install our made to measure wooden products that we sell on this website and directly to our local customers.
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We have lived and worked here in the Limousin Nouvelle Aquitaine since 2010, building window shutters and external doors. Our Volet manufacturing business is based at our home property as a ‘Cottage Industry’. We are a small business operating partly (60%) off the grid and try our best to practice our woodworking ethically.
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By Marcus Kett, Woodworking since 1989
Based in the Nouvelle Aquitaine of France
Tel: +33 7 81 45 32 82